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Preparatory Land Use Plan

The preparatory land use plan regulates the type of use to which land in an entire municipal area will be put and is the preparatory legal site plan for the legal zoning planning. The higher-ranking planning levels must be taken into account when drawing up the preparatory land use plan.

With the foundation of Umlandverband Frankfurt (UVF), back in 1974 responsibility for preparing the now joint land-use plan was transferred from the City of Frankfurt to UVF. The UVF land use plan covered 43 member municipalities came into force in 1987 and within the metropolitan area replaced the City of Frankfurt land-use plan that had been in force since 1950s.

In the year 2000 the Hessen State Parliament resolved the Act on Conurbations and as a result the UVF, which was thus renamed Planungsverband, was expanded to include 75 members. Together with the Darmstadt Regional Council, the Planungsverband then prepared the South Hessen Regional Plan/Regional Land Use Plan 2010 (RPS/RegFNP 2010), which went into force on Oct. 17, 2011. In 2011, Planungsverband was renamed Regionalverband FrankfurtRheinMain, the FrankfurtRhineMain Regional Authority.

Section showing Frankfurt's downtown in the 2010 regional zoning plan, scale 1:50,000, © Regionalverband FrankfurtRheinMain

For the City of Frankfurt/Main, the levels of South Hessen Regional Plan and joint land-use plan coincide, coming under RPS/RegFNP 2010. This plan includes not only the stipulations for regional planning but also the outlines as per the German Construction Code (BauGB) of relevance to land use planning.

The regional preparatory land use plan is financed by the FrankfurtRhineMain Regional Authority. The latter is responsible with the South Hessen Regional Assembly for drawing up and amending the RPS/RegFNP for the authority’s entire area, covering all 75 member municipalities. plan for the entire area in its authority The legal basis for this is provided by the Hessen “Act on the Frankfurt/RhineMain Metropolitan Region (Metropolitan Act)” of Nov. 8, 2011, last amended on Aug. 24, 2018. A member municipality must apply to the FrankfurtRhineMain Regional Authority for any and all changes required to the land use plan. To date, there have been eight cases of procedures initiated on behalf of the City of Frankfurt to change the RegFNP. If the changed required deviate from the land use objectives an application also has to be made to the Darmstadt Regional Council for adjudication on a deviation from the objectives. The South Hessen Regional Assembly will then decide whether to approve or reject the application.

In 2016, the South Hessen Regional Assembly resolved a new edition of the RPS/RegFNP. Preparatory work was undertaken in close consultation with the Darmstadt Regional Council and the FrankfurtRhineMain Regional Authority on the basis of the Hessen Act on Land Planning (HLPG) and the German Construction Code. The RPS/RegFNP includes, among other things, statements on spatial and settlement structures, retailing, transportation, energy supplies, agricultural and forestry, the climate and securing open spaces. The objectives stated, the principles and the outlines of the RPS/RegFNP form key elements for the spatial development of the City of Frankfurt/Main and the region. The outlines as per the German Construction Code (BauGB) of relevance to land use planning will in future be compiled on a scale of 1:25,000.

In the course of the new edition of the RPS/RegFNP the public will be involved in the consultations for the first time. This will take place in 2022. The new plan is not likely to come into force until 2025.

The FrankfurtRhineMain Regional Authority together with the Darmstadt Regional Council compiles the substantive Renewable Energy Sub-Plan which serves to supplement the Regional Land-Use Plan to include renewable energy supplies and primarily defines spaces where wind is prioritized.
The Chamber of the Regional Authority approved this plan on Dec. 12, 2018. The plan identifies 21 priority locations for wind-power generating facilities or about 0.6 percent of the authority’s total territory. No such power plants may be erected on the remaining 99.4 percent. The plan still needs to be approved by the South Hessen Regional Assembly, came into force when approval of it was announced in the State of Hessen gazette on March 30, 2020 and has been approved by the State of Hessen. (source: https://www.region-frankfurt.de/Windkraft).

At the City of Frankfurt, the City of Frankfurt Planning Dept.’s Urban Development section is responsible for all questions relating to the regional land use plan and the interests of the city. The section also fields statements and applications for approval of procedures for deviations from regional land use planning objectives to the Darmstadt Regional Council and changes to the outlines in the RegFNP to the Regional Authority and administrative procedures involving other municipal offices.

Information on the RegFNP can exclusively be obtained from Regionalverband FrankfurtRheinMain, Poststrasse 16, 60329 Frankfurt/Main, Germany; tel.:  069 / 2577-0, www.region-frankfurt.de. The RegFNP can likewise be viewed online.

For general information on the RegFNP please contact the City of Frankfurt Planning Dept., Kurt Schumacher Strasse 10, 60311 Frankfurt/Main, Germany.

Contact partner(s)

Mr. Rainer Ortmüller

Telephone: +49 (0)69 212 33072
Fax: +49 (0)69 212 30731

Ms. Annette Fritz

Telephone: +49 (0)69 212 38631
Fax: +49 (0)69 212 30731