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North of Heerstraße commercial estate

Urban development draft, Commerce
District: Local district:
7, 8
Size of area:
36.3 ha
Project management:

Mr. Antonius Schulze Mönking
Telefon: +49 (0)69 212 36107
Telefax: +49 (0)69 212 30731

Project description

At present, the work on plans relating to the North of Heerstraße commercial estate is on ice. With its resolution of Dec. 14, 2017 (section 2080) the City Council instructed the City of Frankfurt Executive to conduct preparatory studies for an urban planning development measures in the area of Niederursel and Praunheim. The objectives behind the planning for the North of Heerstraße commercial estate – B 696 need to be revisited as part of these studies.
Item 3 of the City Council resolution stated that: “The planning to date on the North of Heerstraße commercial estate will be advanced with the objective of urban development planning that considers both commerce and housing and integrated into the new Northwest Frankfurt construction zone.” On conclusion of the preparatory studies for an urban development measure for Northwest Frankfurt the City Council will decide whether the planning for commercial usages should resume or an urban planning concept focusing on urban commercial and housing developed be pursued instead.

Reason for planning
Until the mid-1990s, most of the now developed section of the commercial estate was used by the Hartmann & Braun company who manufactured high-quality measuring and analytical equipment there. Following the dissolution of Hartmann & Braun, production was for the most part relocated, a successor company continuing only part of the operations. Two other trade enterprises remained in the area and carried on in business. The former production halls were for the most part left underused, and decayed. In urban development terms it was an unsatisfactory situation and was the reason for devising a concept for the area north of Heerstrasse extending as far as the A5 interstate.

Development district
The zone comprises the area north of Heerstrasse, which in the west is approximately bounded by Ziegelei Allee and the farm track that is an extension of Ziegelei Allee.
The northern border runs parallel to the A5 motorway at a distance of some 150 m. The eastern border in the northern section is formed, among others, by a former brickworks, further south by the dwellings west of Steinbacher Hohl along with the developed section of the Daimler AG premises. The zone boasts several disused clay pits which with their distinctive sides are easily recognizable to this day.

Planning objectives
The north of Heerstraße commercial estate located in Frankfurt’s Praunheim district is one of the zones earmarked for commercial district development. In addition to providing building land for new manufacturing companies, the existing firms are to be shored up and their further progress secured.
Along Heerstrasse the structural concept for the entire area envisages consolidating the old residential quarter by extending it northwards. Given that at the time the planning concept was drawn up there was need in Praunheim for a contemporary neighborhood store, a plot for a retail outlet was planned on Heerstasse. The residential quarter and the retail outlet have since been built. The zone’s recreational function is to be maintained as far as possible. The hedgerows that typically structure the area and have been cultivated predominantly along the sides of the former clay pits will be included as public green spaces in the future green fabric.
The edges of the area are decisive in shaping the district’s overall appearance. Along Heerstraße, the cityscape is chiefly informed by the trees lining the northern side of the road. The industrial estate’s green fringe will be retained at any rate to contrast visually with the low-rise, small-unit dwellings south of Heerstraße and the large supermarket on the northern side.
Part of the developed outskirts of Frankfurt will form the western view of the industrial estate. A line of trees and hedgerows integrates the area into the open countryside. A generous green zone (as compensation for other construction sites) has already been established between the A5 motorway and the development zone. The idea is that when seen from a distance the zone will not be characterized by commercial edifices but constitute a suitable transition between the open countryside and the developed areas.
The construction of Ziegelei Allee also completed a section of the Praunheim local bypass that will extend from the Ludwig Landmann Straße/Heerstraße intersection to Dillenburger Straße.

Planning Progress
Originally intended to enable two existing companies to expand, planning considerations have (not least as a result of the commercial district development scheme) culminated in a structural development plan for the entire area between Heerstraße and the A5 motorway.

The structural concept for the north of Heerstraße commercial estate was presented to the public during a local citizens’ meeting held on April 19, 2005. It became obvious at an early stage that the southern part would develop faster and the zone was therefore subdivided into two separate development processes. The development plan for the southern part (development plan no. 854 – Gewerbegebiet Nördlich Heerstraße, Teilbereich 1) has been legally binding since March 25, 2010. Development plan no. 696 – Gewerbegebiet Nördlich Heerstraße, Teilbereich 2 for the remaining area is still being established. On November 15, 2012, the City Council passed the resolution approving public disclosure (Resolution section 2382). The plans were presented to the public in the period between January 23, 2013 and February 25, 2013. The suggestions and statements made during this time are being evaluated at present. 

More information

Urban development concept - usage concept

Basic urban structure

Overview: usage concept, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main

The urban framework is determined by a clear: green (front garden) zones are envisaged between the road and the buildings, which are adjoined by a construction zone, where office and administration buildings can also be erected. In the inner area this gives the roads a spatial framework. Here, the existing row of trees on the northern edge of Heerstraße is an important urban element: the contrast between small-scale housing on the southern side and large, elongated, commercial buildings on the northern side becomes less pronounced.

There will a large range in the size of the plots of land in the area. These can include business sites with several hectares of land, though smaller units are conceivable as well. The provision of building land for the manufacturing industry is the most important objective of the plans. For this reason, office and administration buildings will generally only be permitted on the perimeters of the building lots.

The area on Heerstrasse

Heerstraße is one of the important major traffic axes in the north of Frankfurt. For this reason more valuable (in an economic sense) facilities should also be able to become established along an approx. 150-meter deep strip of land alongside it. The neighborhood store planned on Heerstrasse has since been built. The other commercially usable plots in the above-mentioned 150-meter strip can be used for office and administration buildings.

Residential space

The extension northwards of the residential space at Heerstrasse 144-188 has already been implemented. This has strengthened the focus on housing, such that despite increased commercial use in the east and north, the quality of life in this quarter can be preserved.

Green concept

Overview: green conzept, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main

With the exception of the well integrated residential area, the planning area at the moment makes a very heterogeneous impression. Only in some places do the perimeters of the existing commercial zone encroach on the landscape.

For this reason a strip of land with trees and shrubbery is planned in the west. A spacious expanse of greenery (as compensation for other building areas) has already been laid out between the A5 interstate and the area.

The new plans alter the structure of the existing area (Teilbereich 1 - B-Plan no. 854). In the form of boulevards the access roads, as well as the spacious green front garden zones will in future give the inner area of the commercial zone a clear structure, creating a desirable location. The public areas of greenery in the middle of the planning area structure it. As far as possible, existing special habitats will be preserved and integrated in these strips of greenery. An extensive system of footpaths is intended to link the areas of greenery with one another.

With regard to green area planning, important objectives are:

  • Safeguarding local recreation areas by means of green links to the open countryside and strips of greenery within the area itself, so as to enable continued recreation close to homes and make the commercial zone open.
  • Increasing the amount of greenery in the existing commercial zone.
  • Preserving the valuable individual trees and the row of trees along Heerstraße.
  • Preserving old, and creating new links with the outer area, first and foremost the new expanses of greenery (“compensation areas”) along the A5 interstate.
  • Structuring the commercial zone by means of tree-covered front garden zones and integrating the outskirts in the landscape.
  • Planting additional shrubbery in the building areas for intensive greenery and links to existing structures in the adjoining countryside.
  • Intensive planting of greenery, primarily shrubbery and trees, in the commercial areas, on roofs, and facades so minimize the impact of the plans on the climate and air hygiene.
  • Safeguarding and creating large, continuous expanses of vegetation in the building areas, as with regard to ground water protection in the planning area the standard measures for minimizing procedures such as partial sealing and seepage are possible to a limited extent only.
  • Developing a concept for using rain water focusing on retention measures and taking the area’s natural drainage into consideration.
  • Using waste water
  • Greening roofs and facades so as to minimize the impact of the plans on water management.

Traffic concept

The area will link up to the main road network in two places:

  • in the south at the intersection of Ludwig Landmann Straße and Heerstraße,
  • in the north at Praunheimer Weg and Dillenburger Straße/Erich Ollenhauer Ring.

The main access route is also part of the Praunheim by-pass. By the commercial area space in the middle of the main access route will be reserved for the extension of the U6 light rail transit system and for the western regional ring road (RTW). In the meantime alterations have been made in place to the route of the RTW outlined in the sketch. At the moment the final course of the RTW is still being investigated.

Apart from by the residential section on Heerstraße the access roads in the area are all 17.50 meters wide. They all have parking strips on both sides. There are cycle paths on the carriageway.

So as to prevent “rat run” traffic, what is currently the end of Schönberger Weg will be cut off from the road network. The “Steinbacher Hohl” road will not have regular access to the Praunheim by-pass.

On account on a company’s operations being sensitive to vibrations there will be another interruption to the road network on the southern cross link between the extension to Ludwig Landmann Straße and Stierstädterstraße. Passing trucks could cause considerable disruption to the operations and production. The interruption will be lifted as soon as the production no longer requires vibration protection.

Overview: traffic concept, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main

Regular cross section of the access roads

Standard cross section of the access roads, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main